Thursday, December 12, 2019

Travels of Rizal free essay sample

With Felipe Zamora and Cunanan, He visited the Leannec Hospital to observe how Dr, Nicaise treated his patients. He was stunned to see the advanced facilities in the accommodation in the said hospital. 19 June 1883 He again visited Dr. Nicaise who showed the technique of operation. Later he went to see dupytren Museum. 20 June 1883 Rizal visited the Lariboisiere Hospital where Felix Pardo de Tavera was an extern. Here he observe the examination of the different diseases of women. 21 June 1883 After watching the done by Dr. Duply, he went to the Jardin d’ Acclimatation situated outside the Paris in the Forest of Bologna. He found there plants of all species and the rarest and most beautiful birds. 5 July 1883 In a letter to his parents, sisters and brother, Rizal continued describing the museum, buildings and hospitals he had visited in Paris. 2 August 1883 In a letter to his parents, he continued describing his visits to museum and his excursions to important place in Paris. Rizal in France 19 November 1885 While in Paris, Rizal recieved information from Ceferino de Leon about the prevailing vices among the Filipinos in the house of Aceveno in Madrid, abetted by the lousy women gamblers. 27 November 1885 Rizal’s transfer to Paris was disapproved by Paciano who, at the same time, informed Rizal that his letter caused their mother to shed tears; that Rizal’s brown horse would be sold, the money to be remitted to him in Paris together with the chronometer watch worth $300 (Mexican dollars). 4 December 1885 He was practicing ophthalmology with Dr. Weeker at the Crugen Clinic. 19 December 1885 The news that the Filipinos in Madrid were preparing a Christmas banquet in spite of the little money they had, was relayed in a letter to Rizal in Paris by Ceferino de Leon who also informed the former about his (de Leon’s) plan of going to Paris the following summer. 1 January 1886 Rizal represented to Paz Pardo de Tavera a pair of Greek vases which he painted the other with the picture of the Filipinos engaged in cockfighting, and the other with the same people at work as milkmen and as prisoners at hard labor. January 1886 In the album of Paz Pardo de Tavera, he entered the illustrated story of the monkey and the turtle. Rizal on His Way to Marseilles, France 1 July 1887 In the train on his way to Marseilles, Rizal treated with much amiability by and American couple who invited him many times to dine and drink with them, and who, before separating in Monaco, bought fruits for him. 2 July 1887 Rizal in Marseilles searched the bodegas of the Mensagerias Maritimas for the box of merchandise. 3 July 1887 Rizal was in the Bureau of Posts of Marseilles at 8 o’clock in the morning. He received two letters there: One form Manuel Hidalgo and the other from Ferdinand Blumentritt. He left Marseilles bound for his homeland on board the boat Djemnah on the same day. Rizal in Paris 4 September 1888 Rizal arrived at Paris and boarded at the Hotel del Restaurant de Rome. Because of the bad news he received from home , he thought of proceeding to Spain. However, the plan was not realized. 9 September 1888 with other invited Filipinos he took his lunch in luna’s house on the occasion of the anniversary of the painter’s son. They ate Filipino food. 10 September 1888 He left Paris for London to continue copying the book of Morga in the British Museum. Rizal Back in Paris 19 March 1889 Rizal arrived at Paris and immediately founded the Kidlat Club. Since he had no time to publish immediately the annota-tions to the Morgans Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas, he planned to edit the Ethnography of Mindanao together with Blumentritt Defense. On the same day, Rizal, in Paris, permitted Mariano Ponce to publishthe poem En Bosque advising the latter pay attention to the signature Laong Laan. Likewise, advised Ponce to buy Filipino books and to mention its authors from time to time. 27 March 1889 He received a table cloth gift from Mrs. Rosa Blumwentritt. In order to remember her always, he placed it on his study table under the table lamp to remind him frequentlyduring his studies in the evening. 28 March 1889 Rizal borrowed from Blumentritt several pictures of different positions with the object of modeling some busts for the Professor. Rizal wanted to leave something as a remebrance of his art to the Austrian savant. 31 March 1889 His Me Piden Versos†¦! Signed Laong-Laan was published in the La Solidaridad. March 1889 He became sick in Paris. In a letter to Graciano Loperz Jaena to whom he sent an article for the La Solidaridad, Rizal made mention of his being sick. He requested Lopez Jaena to become a member of the kidlat, a Filipino Club in Paris. He advised Jaena on the way the newspaper La Solidaridad should be run. 12 April 1889 Another speech was delivered against Rizal in the Spanish Congress. Dr. Luis M. de Pardo, appearing in the Congress. Dr. , Luis M. de Pardo, said that †¦ En Filipinas Sr. Presidente del Consejo Circula con gran profusion, y no ahora, sino desde hace algun tiempo, un libro titulado Noli Me Tengere, que ye suplicaria al Sr. Presidente quesuplicaria al Sr. Presidente que estudiar; pero hagalo con cierto ciudad proque tiene bastante envenenarse su senorita. 18 April 1889 In a letter, Rizal informed Mariano Ponce that if not for the 1872 event, he should have been a Jesuit and instead of writing the Noli Me Tangere, he should have written another. 23 April 1889 He sent a manuscript of the Ethnography of Mindanao to Barcelona for publication. Likewise, he sent to Dr. Joist the letter of Manuel Hidalgo in which the abuses of the friars in the Philippines were mentioned and from which Rizal hoped Dr. Joist could gather facts for publication in the Kolmer Zeitung. 30 April 1889 In a letter, Rizal Proposed to Mariano Ponce that a conference among Plaridel (Marcelo H. del Pilar), Apacible, Graciano Lopez Jaena, Ferdinand Blumintritt, Julio Llorente, Fernando Canon, and themselves should be held in Paris. He planned to return to Chalcot Crescent, London. His article a La Defensa was published in the La Solidaridad. 2 May 1889 Rizal wrote Fernando Canon about his sentiment upon thinking that Canon’s child woulf later be a lost member or a country that needed men. 8 May 1889 He learned from Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera who arrived from the Philippines, that life in the country was impossible. Tavera told Rizal of his prediction that a big revolution in the Philippines would occur within ten years unless the condition would change. 15 May 1889 He sent the manuscript of his Article por telepono to publication in pamhlet form. His article Los Viajes signed Laong Laan was published in the La Solidaridad. 20 May 1889 He requested ferdinand Blumentritt to write the prologue to the Morga which he was preparing for printing. Morever, he urged the Austrian Professor to come to Paris for vacation and conference, placing at the latter’s disposal 200 marks for transportation expenses. He sent to Marcelo H. del Pilar a manuscript of an article, an answer to the La Voz de Manila. He informed Del Pilar that he had Broken relation with Regidor due to the noncompliance of the latter of publishing his (Rizal’s) manuscript as per agreement. 23 May 1889 Rizal’s brother-in-law, Mariano Herbosa, died of cholera, together with Isidoro Alcala, both from Calamba. Herbosa was not buried in the holy ground but on the hill (Lecheria) outside Calamba, causing Rizal to publish in the La Solidaridad the biting article entitled Una Profanacion on July 31, 1889. 26 May 1889 he sent Mariano Ponce his answer to Barranter’ criticism. He instructed ponce to publish it with his (Rizal’s) name or that of Laong Laan. 31 May 1889 Rizal published his La Verdad para Todos in the La Solidaridad. 4 June 1889 He translated more than 30 pages of Blumentritt’s Memorias on the tribes of Mindanao. He expressed the illusion than when liberty brightens in the Philippines, he and Blumentritt would come and live together. Dr. A. B. Meyer visited him in Paris. 6 June 1889 He conducted Julio Llorente, his childhood friend, around Paris the whole day. Rizal had to accompany Llorente always because the latter did not know French. 15 June 1889 Rizal’s letter Al Sr. D. Vicente Barrantes was published in the La Solidaridad (first installment). 18 June 1889 He sent to Marcelo H. del Pilar the manuscripts of the Defensa del Noli of Dr. Blumentritt. He wanted it to be published in the La Solidaridad by the end of the month. 19 June 1889 Rizal planned to leave Paris. He was annoyed by the exorbitant increase of room rentals. The landladies of Paris became opportunist of the presence of the Exposition. 23 June 1889 He continued with enthusiasm the translation of Blumentritt’s Memorias on the tribes of Mindanao. He was already on page 36. Two copies of his picture (age 28) were sent to Blumentritt and Dr. Czepelack. 30 June 1889 Rizal’s letter he informed Mariano Ponce that he was going to wander for few days in other countries. He requested Ponce to inform the others on Barcelona about his plan. 4 July 1889 at 8:55 in the evening, Rizal Left Paris for Dieppe. He arrived at Vernon at 10:15 and at Rouen at 11:30 in the same evening. In his travel he was very much disturbed by a loquacious American who was always boasting of things American. 12 July 1889 Rizal arrived at Paris from London where he spent a few days confronting the proofs of the Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas with the original book found in the British Museum. He resided now at 45 Rue de Manbenge and attended to the finishing touches of his annotations. 23 July 1889 He sent to the printing press his annotations to Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas and requested Prof. Blumentritt in a letter to keep secret the publication of the book because with it he wanted to surprise his compatriots. 30 July 1889 He was very busy the past days and on this day he was going to the printing press Garnier Hermanos, reading and correcting the proofs and adding new annotations to the work. July 1889 His Two Eastern Fables, a comparative study of the Japanese and Philippine folklore, appeared in Trubner’s Record (London). 31 July 1889 his article Verdades Neuvas was published in the La Solidaridad. 13 August 1889 he was admitted to make studies in the Bibliotheque Nationale of Paris. His Admission ended on December 31, 1889. Rizal was very much occupied. He had much work to do and he felt blank. 14 August 1889 he received a telegram from Hongkong with the information that Paciano Mercado, Silvestre Ubaldo, Antonio and leandro Lopez, Mateo Elejorder and others were accused and threatened of deportation. 9 September 1889 Rizal was very busy in Paris putting the Morga in the final form. -With five or six young men from lipa, who were in Paris and who were willing to go with him, he planned to visit Prof. Blumentritt in Leitmeritz the following year. Rizal wanted to show to Blumentritt that he (Blumentritt) was not depending in vain the Filipino people. He attended the baptismal party of the child of Juan Luna. 10 September 1889 In Paris he met Sr. Moret, the ex-minister of the Spanish government. The ex-minister purposely went to Paris to meet and talk with the author of the Noli Me Tangere which he liked very much, 15 September 1889 His article Differencias was Published in the La Solidaridad. 21 September 1889 Rizal instructed Jose Ma. Basa to do away with pseudonyms in the articles he (Basa) was publishing in the newspapers in Hongkong. He requested Basa to pay especial attention to the packages or letters with the initials Rd. L. M. written on the envelope. 22 September 1889 In a package, he sent to Blumentritt two statues: a beggar with a hat and a maid with bilao on her hands. He sent, too, a wallet made of nito vines. All these things came from one of Blumentritt’s admirers in the Philippines. 30 September 1889 his essay Filipinas Dentro de Cien Anos was published in the La Solidaridad (first installment). 10 October 1889 Rizal was believed to have written in Paris a proclama-tion carrying this date, in which a bloody revolution was being announced. Part of it follows: cuando se le arranca del corazon hasta la ultima esperanza†¦ entonces†¦ entonces†¦ entonces†¦ no le queda otro remedio sino sangriento y suicida de la revolucion!!! 20 October 1889 He insistently requested Prof. Blumentritt to write the prologue to his annotations to Morga’s Sucesos de las Filipinas, giving him the freedom of criticizing or eulogizing the work. Rizal said: I want to give my countrymen an example that I do not write for myself nor for my glory, but for my country and that’s why I prefer the truth than my face. God grant that my countrymen also sacrifice their passions for the welfare of the country. 22 October 1889 He attended the nuptial ceremony of Felix Pardo de Tavera. Because of this event, he postponed his plan of going to London for the confrontation of the proofs with the original Morga in the British Museum. 31 October 1889 His essay Filipinas Dentro de Cien Anos was published in the La Solidaridad (second installment). 4 November 1889 A secret member of the R. L. M. with the no. 2 grade was introduced to Marcelo H. del Pilar in a letter by Rizal. This secret member went to Madrid with the object of securing a high position in the Cathedral and avenging injustices of which he was a victim in the Philippines. 11 November 1889 He erased the name of Quioquiap from the prolongue written by Blumentritt for the Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas which was being printed with the Rizal annotation. 15 November 1889 His article a La Patria was published in the La Solidaridad. 22 November 1889 Rizal sent back to Blumentritt the original of the Prologue and the proofs with his corrections. He expressed his sentiments to Blumentritt that he did not like the Filipinos to be imploring and asking the confraternity of the Spaniards. From Paris Rizal sent to Marcelo H. del Pilar in Madrid the Article about Blumentritt to be published in the La Solidaridad. 30 November 1889 His article Inconsecuencias was published in the La Solidaridad. 1 December 1889 He finished with the proofreading of the galley proofs of the Morga. He wrote to Dr. Meyer that as soon as the printing of the books is finished, one copy would be sent to him. Likewise, he explained to the latter the meaning of the word UPOS found in the book of Morga. December 1889 From Paris Rizal sent to M. H. del Pilar the continuation of the Filipinas dentro de cien anos, some poems and letters of Bluementritt, all to be published at the disposal of the director of the La Solidaridad. 15 December 1889 His essay Filipinas Dentro de Cien Anos was published in the La Solidaridad (third installment). His poem the Las Flores de Heidelberg signed Laong Laan was published in the La Solidaridad. 23 December 1889 Copies of the Morga started coming out from the printing press. He sent one copy to Mariano Ponce in Barcelona. In a letter, Ponce told Rizal that the book would rectify the wrong notion, which the enemies had against the Philippines. A big blow against the enemies, he said further. His admission permit to the Bibliotheque Nationale expired on this day. 3 January 1890 Rizal who was still in Paris announced to Ponce his return to London. Rizal Back in Paris 8 January 1890 Rizal arrived at Paris from London and planned to go Holland to look for books in the libraries their written during the 7th century about the Philippines. 8 January 1890 Rizal and Albert left Paris for Brussels. 1 February 1890 His essay Filipinas dentro de cien anos was published in the La Solidaridad (fourth installment). Rizal Biarritz, France 11 February 1891 From Biarritz, Rizal wrote Mariano Ponce in Madrid that he was too occupied and could not send articles for the La Solidaridad. He offered his services of answering the attacks hurled against them in case Marcelo H. del Pilar and Antonio Luna could not answer. 29 March 1891 He finished writing his book El Filibusterismo. He planned, however, of revising some chapters. Rizal Back in Paris, France 4 April 1891 Rizal sent a letter to Jose Maria Basa asking the latter if he (Rizal) could borrow money to defray his fare for Hong Kong from Paris. Rizal in Paris 3 October 1891 From Paris, Rizal sent a letter with 600 copies of the El Filibusterismo, to Jose Ma. Basa in Hongkong saying that he was definitely taking the next trip of the Melbourne for Hongkong from Marseilles. 7 October 1891 Since January up to this date the whole amount Rizal received as help from the Propaganda amounted to three hundred pesos (P300. 00) only. Because of discontent, he informed Marcelo H. del Pilar that he was not writing anymore for the La Solidaridad, and was renouncing the receiving of pensions from the Propaganda. 9 October 1891 He confessed to Blumentritt that he would not write anymore for the La Solidaridad. He said he was leaving the field to others to manage the policy of the newspaper in order to avoid schism among the Filipinos in Madrid. 13 October 1891 Rizal made clear the cause of the conflict between him and Marcelo del Pilar. He wrote Del Pilar about the details of the cause of their misunderstanding and the reason why he could not return to Madrid. 17 October 1891 He arrived at Marseilles with boxes of Morga and Fili. Rizal in Paris, France Rizal, while in Madrid, wanted to go back to the Philippines in 1884. On November 26, 1884, he wrote a letter to his family stating: I expressed to you the desire to return there as soon as possible. Paciano was against Rizal’s decision to return to the Philippines. So in a letter replied by Paciano, on January 1,1885, I think that you should continue your studies there and end them when our resources are exhausted. Rizal went to Paris, France, in the first week of October, 1885, where he studied more about Ophthalmology. Rizal registered in the clinic of Dr. Louis Wecker. Dr. Louis Wecker was treating 50-100 patients a day and therefore, was considered as a leading ophthalmologist back then. Rizal learned a lot from him during clinic hours and mastered French, German, Italian, English, Polish, and Greek languages after clinic hours. Rizal’s life in Paris was not economically good. In a letter coming from Paciano: You are very correct in saying that you are not being sent your allowance, not due to lack of will but indeed economic crisis or lack of work. In order to survive, his compatriots: Juan Luna, Felix Hidalgo and the Tavera brothers helped him and wholeheartedly lent or gave him money for his daily needs. Rizal helped Juan Luna in his paintings. Rizal posed and portrayed as Chief Sikatuna of Bohol in BloodCompact. He also posted and portrayed as an Egyptian priest in ? The Death of Cleopatra?. He also sketched ? The Monkey and the Turtle? for Juan Luna’s love, Paz Pardo de Tavera. During his stay in France, he also wrote several literary works written in French language. They were the following: oMarie Colombier-the Pistol of the Little Baroness-a review written by Rizal. He was amazed because he found out that a woman author can write in a manly manner. oThe Kite and the Hen-the prose is about the start and end of Mrs. Hen’s story when she lost the ring she borrowed from Mr. Kite. oThe Fisherwoman and the Fish-this is a story about the conservation between a fisher woman and a small fish. The Fisherwoman invited the fish to her house but the fish only agreed if he would touch the pink lips and white teeth of the fisherwoman. olphonse Daudet: Tartarin Sur Les olpes-Rizal? s book review where he expressed comments to the characters Tartarin and Bompard. 1. Travels of Rizal o15 June 1882 He left Marseilles for Barcelona in an express train.? 3 May 1882 Rizal left Philippines for the first time Spain. He boarded the Salvadora using a passport of Jose Mercado, which was procured for him by his uncle Antonio Rivera, father of Leonor Rivera. He was accompanied to the quay where the Salvadora was moored by his uncle Antonio, Vicente Gella, and Mateo Evangelista.? 2. Rizals First Trip Abroad o20 August 1882 His article Amor Patrio was published in the Diarong Tagalog, a Manila newspaper edited by Basilio Teodoro. This was the First article he wrote abroad.? 3. Rizal in Barcelona, Spain o4 October 1882 Asked to deliver a poem by the members of Circulo Hispano-Filipino, there together in the effort to save the association from disintegration, Rizal recited Me piden versus. The meeting was held at the house of Pablo Ortiga y Rey.? 2 September 1882 Rizal matriculated at the Universidad Central de Madrid. He took the following subjects: medical clinic, surgical clinic, legal medicine and obstetrical clinic.? 4. Rizal in Madrid, Spain o7 November 1882 Rizal wrote an article entitled Las Dudas. The article was signed Laong Laan.? 2 November 1882 He wrote the article Revista de Madrid which was in intended for publication in the Diarong Tagalog in Manila, but was not published because the newspaper stops its circulation.? 5. o20 June 1883 Rizal visited the Lariboisiere Hospital where Felix Pardo de Tavera was an extern. Here he observe the examination of the different diseases of women.? 19 June 1883 He again visited Dr. Nicaise who showed the technique of operation. Later he went to see dupytren Museum.? 18 June 1883 With Felipe Zamora and Cunanan, He visited the Leannec Hospital to observe how Dr, Nicaise treated his patients. He was stunned to see the advanced facilities in the accommodation in the said hospital.? 6. Rizal in Paris, France o2 January 1884 Rizal proposed to the member of the Circulo assembled in the house of the Pateros, the publication of a book by association. This idea became the embryo of this first novel Noli Me Tangere .? October 1883 He came to know of the imprisonment, by order of Sr. Vicente Barrantes, of the 14 rich innocent persons in Manila. The Prisoners who knew nothing is the cause of their detention and who became sick later, were kept in a humid prison cell. Rizal was indignant of his inhuman act.? 28 September in He enrolled at the central Universidad de Madrid for the second course in medicine.? 7. Rizal Back 1883Madrid o25 June 1884 Rizal won first prize in Greek contest, after which he delivered a speech in honor of the two Filipino painters, Juan Luna and Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo. The occasion commemorated the triumph of the two, especially Luna who won the first prize for his Spoliarium during the National Exposition of Fine Arts held in Madrid that year.? 21 June 1884 He finished the degree of Licentiate in Medicine with the grade of aprobado from the Central Universidad de Madrid.? 8. o1 July 1884 Rizal explained the term Filibusterismo in the newspaper of Madrid El Progreso, calling the attention of the Spanish authorities over the case of future of the Filipinos. He asked for freedom of the press and the right of representation of the Spanish Cortes.? 9. o20 November 1884 Rizal witnessed the tumultuous scene in the Central Universidad de Madrid where the students and professors staged a strike against excommunication imposed by the bishop on the lecture proclaiming the freedom of science and of the teacher.? 10. o22 April 1886 While in Heidelberg experiencing the feeling of nostalgia for his parents and his country, Rizal wrote the poem A Las Flores de Heidelberg. â€Å"? 11. Rizal in Heidelberg, Germany o21 March 1887 Copies of his novel came off the press. He sent one copy to Prof. Blumentritt. In a letter of his Austrian friend, he say it was the first impartial and daring book to be written on the life of the Tagalogs. He opined that the Spanish authorities and the friar would attack the book.? 12. Rizal in Berlin, Germany o18 August 1887 In a letter, Archbishop P. Payo instructed Fr. Gregorio Echevarria, Rector of the University of Sto. Thomas, that an information about the novel Noli Me Tangere be issued by a Commission composed of University professors Fr. Matias Gomez, Fr. Norberto del Prado and Fr. Evaristo Fernandez Arias.? 5 August 1887 At 9:00 o’clock in the evening, Rizal arrived at Manila after five years of study and patriotic labors in Europe.? 13. Rizal in Manila o30 August 1887 He left Calamba for Manila to see Governor- General on the issue of the Noli Me Tangere which caused torment among the friars in the Philippines. Governor-General Terrero asked him for a copy and Rizal, after a few days looking for copy, handed him a worn out one. – On the same date, the Calustro Universitario formed by the Rector of Santo Thomas upon the order of the Archbishop of Manila, issued an order prohibiting the possession and reading of the Noli Me Tangere.? 14. o19 October 1887 Rizal made a pencil drawing of a sailboat sailing on Lagunade Bay, which he saw with Jose Taviel de Andrade, Lieutenant of the Civil Guards assigned by the Governor-General Terrero to protect him, during an excursion to Los Banos. This drawing was sent to Blumentritt.? September 1887 Rizal decided not to leave his family within this year. His sister Olimpia died of hemorrhage while giving birth. His father did not permit him to go out alone and eat in the house of his relatives.? 15. o29 Decmber 1887 The Permanent Board Of Censure headed by Fr. Salvador Font issued a judgment absolutely prohibiting the circulation of the Noli Me Tangere in the Philppines. Upon the recommendation of the Governor-General, Father Font said: †¦Aside of attacking so directly, as you have seen your Excellency, the Religion of the state, institutions and respectable persons for their official character, the book is replete of foreign teachings and doctrines; and the general synthesis of the same is to inspire among the loyal and submissive sons of Spain in these distant islands, profound,and furious hate to the mother country†¦? 16. o3 February 1888 Rizal, after staying in the Philippines for almost six months, left Manila for Hongkong, bringing with him P5,000 which he earned from his medical practice.? 17. o22 February 1888 After staying in Hong Kong for almost two weeks, he left for Japan on board the Oceanic.? 19 February 1888 With Jose Maria Basa, Jose Sainz de Veranda and some Portuguese, Rizal left Hongkong for Macao on board the Kui Kiang. In Macao, they lived in the house of Juan Lecaroz. Rizal went around for observation, especially the botanical garden.? 18. Rizal in Hong Kong oRizal Back in Spain? Rizal in Paris†¢ Rizal in London †¢ Rizal Bound for England ? Rizal in America? Rizal in Japan? 19. oVerdades Neuvas? La Verdad para Todosâ€Å"? Los Viajesâ€Å"? Me Piden Versos†¦! â€Å"? En Bosqueâ€Å"? Los agriculores Filipinosâ€Å"? El Solfeo de la Defensa (La Solidaridad)? Translated Antonio de Moragas, Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas (Events in the Philippine Islands) on 1890? 20. Some works of Rizal oMariang Makiling,? Sobre la nueva ortografia de la lengua tagala,? Filipinas en el congreso? Filipinas Dentro de Cien Anos? Filipinas Dentro de Cien Anosâ€Å"? Inconsecuencias? a La Patriaâ€Å"? Differenciasâ€Å"? 21. o23 August 1890 He reported to Juan Luna what transpired between him and Antonio Luna. They had a quarrel and they also had a duel.? 22. Rizal Back in Madrid o29 March 1891 He finished writing his book El Filibusterismo. He planned, however, of revising some chapters.? 23. Rizal Biarritz, France o30 May 1891 Rizal set ready for printing 20 chapters of the manuscript of the El Filibusterismo. He was waiting for an amount to defray the publication expense.? He also informed Deodato Arellano of his plan to move from Europe to either Hongkong, Philippines or Japan, and to renounce the receiving of pension from the Propaganda. â€Å"? 1 May 1891 In a letter sent to Basa, Rizal reiterated [again] his desire to be in Hong Kong, reminding the former of the amount he was borrowing for his fare.? 24. Rizal in Brussels, Belgium oSeptember 1890 El Fili was publish in Ghent using the donations from Rizal’s friends.? 9 July 1891 He was financially hard up. He did not receive for three months up to this date any pension from home. He was living in the most difficult situation, renting a small room and eating the modest food in order to economize and able to publish the Fili. He had already pawned all his jewels.? 25. Rizal in Ghent, Belgium o26 June 1892 Rizal arrived in the Philippines from Hongkong on board the boat Don Juan. After having been inspected by the custom men, he boarded in the Oriente Hotel where he occupied room No. 22, facing the Binondo church. His sister, Lucia, accompanied him in his return to the Philippines. In the evening, he attended the reunion held in the house of Don Ong-junco, a Chinese mestizo, who was living in the district of Tondo. Here he met many Filipinos who were later arrested and executed as a consequence of the discovery of the Katipunan.? 26. Rizal in the Philippines o3 July 1892 Rizal had again an interview with Governor- General Despujol. He thanked Governor- General Despujol for lifting the order of exile for his sisters. The Governor told him to come back the following Wednesday. In the evening, he attended a meeting at a house on Calle Ylaya to discuss the proposed Liga Filipina.? 27. o15 July 1892 At 1:00 on the morning, Rizal was shipped on board the boat S. S. Cebu to Dapitan. He was given good cabin, but well guarded.? 6 July 1892 Rizal held the last interview with the Governor- General. The governor-general confronted him for anti-friar bills supposedly found in the baggages of his sister Lucia. He was ordered imprisoned in Fort Santiago (from July 6-15).? 28. Exiled to Dapitan oHe engaged in agriculture, fishing and business; he maintained and operated a hospital; he conducted classes- taught the pupils English and Spanish languages and the arts? 29. In Daptian oWhen the Philippine Revolution started on August 26, 1896, his enemies lost no time in pressing him down. They were able to enlist witnesses that linked him with the revolt and these were never allowed to be confronted by him. Thus, from November 3, 1986, to the date of his execution, he was again committed to Fort Santiago.? 30. From Dapitan to Fort Santiago

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